Apr 25, 2024  
The University of North Carolina at Pembroke 2017-2018 Catalog 
The University of North Carolina at Pembroke 2017-2018 Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions



  • CNS 5070. College Counseling and Student Affairs (3 credits)

    An overview of student services higher in education, and a study of the history, philosophy, issues and trends in college counseling. Topics to be covered include college student development, college and career counseling issues and strategies, and student affairs services such as advisement, placement and enrollment planning, residence life, academic support, and student activities. PREREQ: Completion of all core counseling courses or permission of the instructor.

  • CNS 5080. Gender and Sexuality Issues in Counseling (3 credits)

    The course is designed to develop students’ knowledge related to human sexuality and gender issues relevant to professional counseling. Students will develop an understanding of the varied sexuality issues which may be encountered in a variety of practice settings and also learn appropriate skills in assessment and intervention. Reflection activities will be used to increase awareness of personal perceptions, attitudes, and affect related to sexuality issues. The course provides an overview of the counselor’s role in counseling students, individuals, couples, and families with sex-related concerns. PREREQ: Completion of all core counseling courses or permission of the instructor.

  • CNS 5100. Groups in Counseling (3 credits)

    This course addresses the principles of group dynamics, group leadership skills, theories of group counseling, and group counseling methods. Current trends in group work, including professional, ethical, and legal issues relevant to working with groups in a multicultural society are explored. Students will learn the fundamental skills and techniques for designing and implementing group counseling activities during experiential learning activities in which students participate as group members. PREREQ: Admission to the Clinical Mental Health Counseling program or the Professional School Counseling program.

  • CNS 5250. Counseling Children and Adolescents (3 credits)

    This course provides an opportunity for students to practice counseling strategies that are designed to address factors that impact student learning and development. Specific topics discussed include effective communication with parents and school personnel, leadership styles, play media, and special needs children. Ethical and legal considerations specific to the practice of counseling children and adolescents in schools and educational systems are presented. PREREQ: Completion of all core counseling courses or permission of the instructor.

  • CNS 5310. Mental Health Issues in Childhood and Adolescence (3 credits)

    From an integrative ecological perspective that acknowledges biological, psychological, social, and cultural contextual influences and their interdependence, this course will focus on the origin and course of child and adolescent mental health issues. The course will include discussion of etiological factors of various child and adolescent DSM mental disorders; associated diagnostic criteria and assessment; contextual and relational variables that influence children’s and adolescents’ risk and resilience; and prevention and intervention approaches/strategies. Students will learn strategies to address these issues using school and community referral resources. PREREQ: Completion of all core counseling courses or permission of the instructor.

  • CNS 5350. The Professional School Counselor (3 credits)

    This course emphasizes the history, philosophy, and trends in school counseling and educational systems. Students will learn the roles (e.g., leader, advocate, counselor, and consultant), functions, settings, and professional identity of the school counselor in relation to the roles of other professional and support personnel in the schools. Additional content focuses on professional organizations, preparation standards, and credentials that are relevant to the practice of school counseling. Current models of school counseling programs (e.g., American School Counselor Association [ASCA] National Model) and their integral relationship to the total educational program are highlighted. PREREQ: Admission to the Professional School Counseling program.

  • CNS 5360. Diagnosis and Treatment Planning (3 credits)

    The focus of this course is on the development of counseling skills necessary for making mental health and developmental diagnoses with diverse clients. The understanding of principles and development of skills necessary for biopsychosocial case conceptualization, treatment planning, and prevention programming are emphasized. A study of the history, theories, symptoms and etiology of mental and emotional disorders, including sociocultural factors related to mental health, is provided. Students will demonstrate proficiency in using diagnostic tools and providing clinical documentation. Students are expected to critically evaluate research and practices relevant to the practice of clinical mental health counseling. PREREQ: Completion of all core counseling courses or permission of the instructor.

  • CNS 5400. Theories of Counseling (3 credits)

    Students in this course will be introduced to existing and emerging counseling theories that can be used as models to conceptualize clients’ concerns. Students will learn about the interventions associated with each of the theories and the client populations, such as individuals or families, most appropriate for each of the interventions. The counseling theories will be critiqued from a multicultural perspective. Recurring themes, such as self-awareness, will be emphasized to assist students in consciously reflecting on their philosophy on life and its influence on their approaches to counseling. Students are expected to begin to articulate their personal models of counseling based on the information that they are exposed to in this course. A theory-to-practice approach is utilized to promote counseling effectiveness with individuals, families, and groups throughout the lifespan and across diverse populations. PREREQ: Admission to the Clinical Mental Health Counseling program or the Professional School Counseling program.

  • CNS 5450. The Clinical Mental Health Counselor (3 credits)

    This course provides an understanding of the history, philosophy, and trends in clinical mental health counseling. The roles and functions, preparation standards, and professional issues of the clinical mental health counselor in a multicultural society are discussed. Students will develop an understanding of how clinical mental health counselors interact with government agencies, health care providers, and social service organizations during policy making, financing of services, advocacy for clients, and during interdisciplinary consultation. Topics specific to state, regional, and national mental health trends and issues are also addressed. PREREQ: Admission to the Clinical Mental Health Counseling program.

  • CNS 5500. Research and Program Evaluation (3 credits)

    This course is designed to provide counselors with the research knowledge and skills necessary to evaluate counseling interventions and programs, inform evidence-based practices, and conduct needs assessments. The course provides an overview of statistical methods and computer-based research and analysis tools. Ethical and culturally relevant strategies for conducting and interpreting qualitative and quantitative research studies are addressed. PREREQ: Admission to the Clinical Mental Health Counseling program or the Professional School Counseling program.

  • CNS 5550. Seminar in Professional School Counseling (3 credits)

    This course is a seminar about the principles, procedures, and emerging trends in professional school counseling. A variety of topics that are currently addressed in the professional school counseling literature will be studied. This course is designed to examine the development, organization, administration, and evaluation of comprehensive developmental P-12 school counseling programs that promote access and equity for all students. PREREQ: Completion of all core counseling courses or permission of the instructor.

  • CNS 5600. Assessment Practices in Counseling (3 credits)

    This course will provide students with an understanding of current and historical perspectives on the uses of standardized and non-standardized assessment and appraisal methods, techniques, and instruments in counseling. The assessment of abilities, behaviors, symptoms, achievement, personality, interests, and other characteristics relevant to the counseling process will be addressed. Issues related to assessment including selection, statistical concepts, social and cultural factors, and ethical testing procedures will be presented. PREREQ: Admission to the Clinical Mental Health Counseling program or the Professional School Counseling program.

  • CNS 5650. School Counselor as Leader, Advocate, and Consultant (3)

    A comprehensive study is made of contemporary practices of leadership, advocacy, and consultation in the school counseling profession. The course includes study of the transformation of the role of the professional school counselor, comprehensive guidance programs and the National Model, accountability measures, leadership qualities and styles, and fostering family, school, community connections in the 21st century. Theories and models of leadership and consultation are presented which school counselors can utilize to enhance the services they provide.

  • CNS 5700. Career Counseling and Development (3 credits)

    This course includes an overview of career development theories and career decision-making models appropriate for a multicultural society and global economy. The course is designed to assist counselors in the processes of career development program planning, organization, implementation, administration, and evaluation. A lifespan perspective that addresses the interrelationship of work, family, culture, and historical era in career development is used to present the career-planning and decisionmaking interventions. PREREQ: Admission to the Clinical Mental Health Counseling program or the Professional School Counseling program.

  • CNS 5750. College and Career Readiness (3)

    This course examines theories and models of career development, school transitions, college access/college admissions counseling, and educational policy. Students will utilize action plans that include assessment tools, information sources, and technology to promote college and career readiness for diverse K-12 school communities.

  • CNS 5760. Legal Aspects of Educational Leadership (3)

    Constitutional, statutory, and case law bases of educational administration; a study of legal provisions and principles relating to education at all levels. Includes research and analysis of laws dealing with pertinent educational topics.

  • CNS 5770. Evidence-Based School Counseling (3)

    This course will focus primarily on the selection, implementation, and evaluation of evidence-based interventions and programs that aim to promote student success. The course begins by exploring issues relevant to establishing evidence-based methods, including ways to effectively develop needs surveys and logic models. The remainder of the course will focus on how to deliver evidence-based practices in curriculum and intentional guidance. The course is designed to promote knowledge and skills related to data collection, program planning, evaluation, and intervention selection and delivery in K-12 settings.

  • CNS 5780. Addressing the Achievement Gap and Issues of Social Justice (3)

    This course provides students with a comprehensive framework for understanding the school counselor’s role in addressing the achievement gap and issues related to social justice. The course is designed to promote knowledge and skills that emphasize a social justice approach to comprehensive school counseling practice. Students will learn how to use data to uncover inequities in school practice and policy while developing and implementing interventions and strategies that promote social justice in K-12 schools.

  • CNS 5800. Multicultural and Social Justice Counseling (3 credits)

    This course emphasizes theories of multicultural counseling, identity development, and social justice. Students learn about multicultural and pluralistic trends, such as characteristics and concerns within and among diverse groups, nationally and internationally. Also, attitudes, beliefs, understandings, and acculturative experiences, including specific experiential learning activities designed to foster students’ understanding of self and culturally diverse clients. The counselors’ roles in developing cultural self-awareness, promoting cultural diversity, social justice, advocacy, and other culturally supported behaviors that promote optimal wellness and growth of the human spirit, mind, or body, and counselors’ roles in eliminating biases, prejudices, and processes of intentional and unintentional oppression and discrimination are reviewed. PREREQ: Admission to the Clinical Mental Health Counseling program or the Professional School Counseling program.

  • CNS 5850. Theory and Process of Family Counseling (3 credits)

    This course is a study of established models and theories of family counseling, including systemic and contemporary approaches to family counseling. Each approach will be examined in terms of theoretical formulations, family development, goals of counseling, conditions for change, techniques, and strengths and weaknesses. This course also examines the impact of gender roles and culture within the practice of family counseling. PREREQ: Completion of all core counseling courses or permission of the instructor.

  • CNS 5870. The Family and Addiction (3 credits)

    This course will examine the impact of chemical and process addictions on the family system. Coursework will focus on the integration of assessment, theory, and technique. Related sociocultural implications of assessment and treatment will be discussed. PREREQ: Completion of all core counseling courses or permission of the instructor.

  • CNS 5900. Issues in Addictions for Counselors (3 credits)

    The focus of the course will be on the assessment, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of substance abuse related disorders and process addictions across the lifespan. Students will learn about the intersection of addictions issues with mental health issues from diagnostic and intervention perspectives. Current research and evidence-based practices in the treatment of addictions will be emphasized. The course will address ethical, legal, and cultural aspects of addictions counseling. Students will become familiar with practices, philosophies, and treatment modalities related to the field of addictions counseling. Students will develop an understanding of the impact of various addictions on all clinical and educational settings. PREREQ: Completion of all core counseling courses or permission of the instructor.

  • CNS 6100. Counseling Practicum (3 credits)

    The practicum is an introductory field placement course. The field placement is required to take place in a setting appropriate to the student’s graduate counseling program of study. All placements must have approval from the program faculty the semester before enrollment. The practicum experience allows for enhanced skill development and exposure to professional and ethical practices in a supervised and counseling setting. Students work with the Field Placement and Testing Coordinator to obtain field placements one semester in advance of enrollment. Students must complete a total of 100 clock hours at the field placement site. In addition to the field placement requirement, students are required to attend class for group supervision and attempt the comprehensive exam. PREREQ: A minimum grade point average of 3.0 and an approved field placement application. COREQ: CNS 5060  Crisis Intervention and CNS 5900  Issues in Addictions for Counselors.

  • CNS 6120. Clinical Mental Health Counseling Internship (3 credits)

    The clinical mental health counseling internship is a field placement course. The field placement is required to take place in a setting appropriate to the student’s graduate counseling program of study. All placements must have approval from the program faculty the semester before enrollment. The internship experience provides opportunity for in-depth application of counseling skills and techniques. Students will demonstrate their ability to apply theory to practice. Students receive field-based supervision at their sites and university-based group supervision during class time. Students must complete a total of 300 clock hours at the field placement site during each semester of enrollment in this course. Sixty percent of the 300 clock hours must be in direct client contact each semester that the course is completed. The course is completed twice for a total of 6 credit hours and 600 clock hours. Graded on a Pass/Fail basis. PREREQ: Completion of CNS 6100  Counseling Practicum, passed the comprehensive exam, permission of the instructor, and a minimum of a grade point average of 3.0.

  • CNS 6130. School Counseling Internship (3 credits)

    The school counseling internship is a field placement course. The field placement is required to take place in a setting appropriate to the student’s graduate counseling program of study. All placements must have approval from the program faculty the semester before enrollment. The internship experience provides opportunity for in-depth application of counseling skills and techniques. Students will demonstrate their ability to apply theory to practice. Students receive field-based supervision at their sites and university-based group supervision during class time. Students must complete a total of 300 clock hours at the field placement site during each semester of enrollment in this course. Sixty percent of the 300 clock hours must be in direct client contact each semester that the course is completed. The course is completed twice for a total of 6 credit hours and 600 clock hours. Graded on a Pass/Fail basis. PREREQ: Completion of CNS 6100  Counseling Practicum, passed the comprehensive exam, permission of the instructor, and a minimum of a grade point average of 3.0.

Special Topics in Counseling

  • CNSS 5xxx. Special Topics in Counseling (3 credits)

    This course will provide an opportunity for in depth exploration of advanced areas and topics of interest. May be repeated for different topics.

Criminal Justice

  • CRJ 2000. Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 credits)

    A study of the operations and processes of the justice system and its agencies (the police, courts, corrections), how the justice system influences human behavior, and how it is influenced by social, economic, and environmental factors, including the American political system.

  • CRJ 2010. Introduction to Terrorism Studies (3 credits)

    This course will provide a comprehensive multi-disciplinary exploration of terrorism from both a historical and contemporary perspective. Emphasis will be placed on the study of domestic and international terrorist motivations, strategies, and methods through the analysis of modern terrorist organizational structures and case studies of actual events. Attention will be provided to the strategic and political response the American criminal justice community has made since the attacks of September 11, 2001.

  • CRJ 2100. Police in Society (3 credits)

    A study of police in society, to include the history, jurisdiction and organization of police forces, police power and authority, police problems and issues, and the recruitment, training and careers of police officers. PREREQ: CRJ 2000 .

  • CRJ 2200. The Judiciary-An Introduction (3 credits)

    A study of the American judicial system, with an emphasis on the North Carolina courts, covering the activities of lawyers, prosecutors, public defenders, judges, court clerks, bailiffs and related occupations and professions. PREREQ: CRJ 2000 .

  • CRJ 2300. Contemporary Corrections (3 credits)

    A study of corrections, imprisonment and other forms of punishment, to include the social organization of penitentiaries, jails, and reformatories; problems and issues, and the recruitment, training and careers of corrections officers PREREQ: CRJ 2000 .

  • CRJ 2400. Criminology (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (SOC 2400)
    Historical and contemporary theories of criminal behavior are examined, with emphasis on the sources of information on crime and the application of the scientific method to the explanation of crime.

  • CRJ 2410. Juvenile Justice System (3 credits)

    Legal and philosophical basis for a separate juvenile justice system, with a focus on juvenile rights and will include such topics as due process, venue, adjudication and dispositions, commitments, and alternatives to incarceration. PREREQ: CRJ 2000  or CRJ 2400 .

  • CRJ 2830. Interviewing Skills (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (SAB 2830)
    This course teaches practical skills and the theories behind them for interviewing and recording of interviews in legally and emotionally sensitive areas, such as knowledge about criminal conduct and victimization, child, domestic and substance abuse. Systems theory is applied to the selection of techniques to be used in different interviewing circumstances, recognizing such critical status distinctions as victim, witness, or suspect. The course employs lecture, discussion, readings, interviewing assignments, simulations, role-playing, audio-visual taping, and documentation exercises.

  • CRJ 3000. Criminal Law (3 credits)

    An analysis of the substantive criminal law studied from the development of the common law tradition to the present. The origins, nature, and consequences of societal reactions to crime are examined. Emphasis will be placed on social and political factors active in the creation of substantive criminal law, with particular emphasis on law as an instrument of social control. PREREQ: CRJ 2000 .

  • CRJ 3010. Criminal Justice Writing/Rhetoric (3 credits)

    This course will provide an analysis of writing formats and rhetoric techniques used by criminal justice professionals. The class will focus on the skills needed to write in a manner that is complete, clear, accurate, and convincing as well as use professional prose and concepts of rhetoric and style. Additional attention will be given to literature review and citation guidelines using both the APA and ASA styles. Lesson formats will include literature and case reviews, investigative reports, affidavits for search and arrest warrants, and the development of strategic plans and résumés. PREREQ: ENG 1050 , ENG 1060 .

  • CRJ 3100. Private Security (3 credits)

    An introductory survey of the security field. Included will be private, corporate, industrial, and retail applications. Comparisons between private and public policing will be made.

  • CRJ 3150. Criminal Investigation (3 credits)

    A study of the methodology relating to the study of crime. Emphasis will be placed more on the theoretical than the applied issues. An emphasis will be placed on the developing ‘high technology’ relating to criminal investigation. PREREQ: CRJ 2100 .

  • CRJ 3180. Criminal Justice Administration and Management (3 credits)

    This course examines the duties of administrators and managers in a criminal justice agency by studying the formal nature of bureaucratic organizations, the processes of leadership, management, decision- making, organizational communications, staffing, training, planning, budgeting, evaluation, organizational development and controlled change; and acquaints students with historical developments, applications of managerial and organizational theories, principles and practices and problems of administering and managing criminal justice organizations. PREREQ: CRJ 2000 .

  • CRJ 3300. Probation and Parole (3 credits)

    Origins, development, and contemporary practices in probation, parole, and community corrections. Includes the impact of these services on other elements of criminal justice. PREREQ: CRJ 2000 .

  • CRJ 3400. Life Course Criminology (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (SOC 3400)
    Taking a sociological perspective on criminal correlation, etiology, and criminogenics, this course examines criminal behavior across the life course, considering such issues as juvenile delinquency, “aging out” of crime, persistent career criminality, and such social variables as class, employment, race, sex roles, ethnicity, religion and ideology on crime. PREREQ: CRJ 2400 

  • CRJ 3440. Organized Crime (3 credits)

    A historical and contemporary review of the development and operation of organizations committed to criminal conduct. Emphasis will be placed on organized crime in America and the efforts to control it (especially federal RICO statutes). PREREQ: CRJ 2000 .

  • CRJ 3500. Offender Rehabilitation (3 credits)

    Discussion and application of various Social Work methods will be included along with the history of treatment and rehabilitation in correctional institutions. Students will focus upon how a social worker provides services within the authoritarian setting of a correctional institution.

  • CRJ 3520. Human Trafficking and Slavery (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (SOC 3520)
    This course addresses a worldwide crime phenomenon and social problem that involves men, women, and children ensnared in an unthinkable life of slavery, torture, and early death. The following topics are covered in-depth: the rise and costs of human trafficking; the financial side of human trafficking; the trafficking markets in Asia, Eurasia, Eastern Europe, Latin America, Africa, and the United States. PREREQ: CRJ 2000  or SOC 1020 .

  • CRJ 3600. Social Statistics (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (SOC 3600, SWK 3600)
    An introduction to statistical analysis. Focus is on the process of determining the appropriate statistical techniques, the uses of those techniques, and on the process of the proper interpretation of statistical results. PREREQ: MAT 1050  or MAT 1070  or permission of the instructor.

  • CRJ 3610. Social Research (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (SOC 3610)
    An overview of research methodology in the social sciences. The course will include survey and experimental designs, and sampling and scaling techniques. Both quantitative and qualitative techniques of analysis will be presented. PREREQ: SOC 1020  or SOC 2400 /CRJ 2400 .

  • CRJ 3670. Social Deviance (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (SOC 3670)
    Theories of deviant behavior are examined, with selected examples of deviance reviewed in detail. PREREQ: CRJ 2400  (SOC 2400 ) or permission of the instructor.

  • CRJ 3680. Law and Society (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (SOC 3680)
    An introduction to the development of law and legal systems, the social organization of law, and the functions and roles of law in society, applying cross-cultural and anthropological perspectives. The relationship of values, economy and culture of a society to the laws it adopts.

  • CRJ 3700. Ethics in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

    Overview of the major philosophical schools of ethics and application of ethical systems and standards to decision making by professionals working in every part of the criminal justice system. PREREQ: CRJ 2000 .

  • CRJ 3750. Criminal Profiling (3 credits)

    This course examines the basis for the process of criminal profiling and its use in the criminal justice system. Various facets of the profiling process will be examined utilizing numerous case studies, including the typology of the offender, deception, crime scene analysis, and interpretation of evidence. Consideration of the foundational assumptions for, basic approaches to, the limitation and the alternatives to criminal profiling will also be included.

  • CRJ 3910. Constitutional Rights of Prisoners (3 credits)

    This course provides an introduction to the rights and responsibilities of inmates from both a national and international perspective. The course will place an emphasis on the rights of male and female prisoners with respect to use of force, visitation, use of mail, internet, and telephone, administrative segregation, religion, legal services, disciplinary proceedings, parole and probation, rehabilitation programs and medical care, and human rights among other topics. PREREQ: CRJ 2000 .

  • CRJ 4000. Criminal Procedure (3 credits)

    A critical examination of the due process rights guaranteed to individuals in the justice system. Emphasis will be on the impact of the Bill of Rights on the practices of police, prosecutors, and judges. Evolving constitutional foundations of the justice system are examined, along with a review of the remedies available for the violation of these rights. PREREQ: CRJ 3000  or permission of the instructor.

  • CRJ 4120. Judicial Decisions (3 credits)

    A critical analysis of the process and impact of judicial decisions. Includes an examination of judicial selection, political influence, public opinion, and agenda setting. The role of precedent, policy, politics, and a range of extra-legal factors will be considered. The qualifications, selection, and role of jurors are also discussed in this examination of the interaction of law in society.

  • CRJ 4140. Restorative Justice (3 credits)

    The concept of restorative justice and related “criminology as peace-keeping” and integrative-constitutive approaches to crime. Restorative justice offers a series of values, intending to repair the harm done by crime, bringing about closure, healing, and forgiveness.

  • CRJ 4150. Police Community Relations (3 credits)

    This course will study the interaction that occurs between the police and members of the community. Emphasis will be placed on the relationships with juveniles, addicts, minorities, victims, and the mass communications media. PREREQ: CRJ 2100 .

  • CRJ 4200. Homeland Security (3 credits)

    This course will provide a broad understanding of the organizational structure, mission, and challenges faced by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and its role within the criminal justice community in protecting the nation from terrorism. Emphasis will be placed on the critical evaluation of the effectiveness of America’s current national security policy by exploring contemporary efforts to protect the nation against terrorist attack by reducing our strategic vulnerabilities and developing creative antiterrorism strategies. Case studies and practical exercises will be instrumental in meeting course objectives. PREREQ: CRJ 2010 .

  • CRJ 4210. Counterterrorism Strategies (3 credits)

    This course will take a cross-disciplinary approach to analyze proactive methods used by the criminal justice and intelligence community and its international partners to combat terrorism and political violence. Case studies of contemporary terrorist groups and counterterrorism strategies used by law enforcement to reduce the effectiveness of terrorist activities will be provided along with scenariobased practical exercise learning techniques. PREREQ: CRJ 2010 .

  • CRJ 4220. Terrorism: Constitutional and Legal Issues (3 credits)

    This course will provide an overview of constitutional, legislative, and legal issues impacting criminal justice professionals at all levels of government engaged in combating terrorism. Emphasis will be placed on examining the social, ethical, practical, and political implications of legislation such as the Patriot Act, which is designed to protect the homeland and American interests throughout the world. Particular focus will be provided the legal implications of terrorism on the judicial system and in particular the challenges facing government prosecutors. This course will utilize contemporary case studies in furtherance of its objectives. PREREQ: CRJ 2010 .

  • CRJ 4230. Intelligence Studies (3 credits)

    This course will critically examine the role of intelligence in supporting the National Security Policy of the United States. It will explore the mission and structure of the American Intelligence Community and examine the stages of the intelligence cycle process and the issues experienced in each step. A particular focus will be placed on the importance of intelligence in combating terrorism and transnational crime. Practical exercise analytical learning techniques will be used to examine contemporary case studies of terrorist attacks and violent crime events. PREREQ: CRJ 2010 .

  • CRJ 4350. Death Penalty (3 credits)

    Legal, social, ethical, moral, and practical issues surrounding capital punishment, examining the nature, practice and functions of the death penalty in American and Western societies.

  • CRJ 4400. Conflict Management (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (SOC 4400)
    A survey of the conceptual and theoretical bases of conflict and conflict management, the institutional framework and dynamics of alternative dispute resolution, and the use of negotiation, mediation, arbitration, and other hybrid approaches for achieving conflict settlement or resolution. Specific emphasis is on the use of applied diagnostic and analytical tools, and interactive learning approaches.

  • CRJ 4520. Women and Crime (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (SOC 4520)
    A study of the nature and extent of women’s crime, theories of female criminality, processing of women offenders through the criminal justice system, the response of police and court officials to women as victims of crime, and opportunities for women as employees in criminal justice agencies. PREREQ: SOC 2400 /CRJ 2400  or permission of instructor.

  • CRJ 4530. Family Violence (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (SOC 4530)
    Historical, cross-cultural and current issues in family and domestic violence, with attention to child abuse, couple violence, and the responses of criminal justice, counseling and social service agencies.

  • CRJ 4550. Victimology (3 credits)

    This course is designed to introduce students to the topic of victimology, the scientific study of victims. In this course, students will examine the field of victimology, including its scope and development, review of the problems associated with victimization, examine the relationship between the victim and the offender, the victim and the criminal justice system, and the victim and society. PREREQ: SOC/CRJ 2400, or instructor permission

  • CRJ 4800. Internship in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

    Through placement in a criminal justice agency, students will develop some competence in the organization, administration, and practices of that agency. Prior to field placement students will be instructed in operating policies and procedures of the host agency. Pass/Fail Basis. PREREQ: Senior standing, faculty advisor’s recommendation, and consent of Coordinator of Criminal Justice Internships and the Department Chair.

  • CRJ 4990. Independent Study in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

    Restrictions: Limited to seniors majoring in criminal justice whose overall cumulative point average is 3.0 or better. A written proposal is required in advance of registration. PREREQ: Acceptance by a Department faculty member who will supervise, and approval by the Department Chair.

  • CRJ 5620. Professional Paper (3 credits)

    Crosslisted: (PAD 5620, EMG 5620, HAD 5620)
    A directed, supervised activity in which the student develops and analyzes a suitable topic, issue, or problem in leadership or management. The research subject must be one which can be addressed through the application of the knowledge and the research skill gained from course work (see Overview).

  • CRJ 5700. Criminal Justice Research Methods (3 credits)

    This course covers the logic of social research methods, survey research, methods of evaluation research, sampling, and the contrast between quantitative and qualitative research. Included in this course will be; the importance of ethics and institutional review board compliance issues related to internal and external validity of research designs; sampling designs; and conformity with acknowledged scholarly writing format in criminal justice such as the American Psychological Association style, the Harvard Reference system, and the Chicago Manual of Style.

  • CRJ 5710. Criminological Theory (3 credits)

    This course will explore individual and societal theories of crime causation and remediation. The functional and expressive utility of punishment as well as individual correctional treatment strategies will be examined through a variety of criminological theories. The course will cover early and contemporary criminological theories. The policy relevance of criminological theories to crime control will be presented and evaluated.

  • CRJ 5810. Victimology and Criminal Justice (3 credits)

    Victimology is the study of personal and public issues associated with victims of crimes. This course will address the extent, nature and theories of victimization. Effects of crime on victims, services available to neutralize effects, experiences of victims in the criminal justice system, the victims rights movement, and alternative ways of defining and responding to victimization also will be examined.

  • CRJ 5830. Image Management and Media Relations for Criminal Justice and Public Service Agencies (3 credits)

    The mass media can be both an asset and a threat to the standing of criminal justice and other public service agencies. In this course the organization of the American mass information media, their history of involvement in criminal justice and public policy issues and themes, their influence on crime and social issues, and their legitimate interests in criminal justice and public policy activities and policies will be revealed. The techniques criminal justice and public service agencies can employ to keep or enhance a better public image via the mass media will be examined, as will the ways in which media outlets and criminal justice and public service agencies can cooperate in the public interest.

  • CRJ 5850. Results-Driven Management in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

    This course is designed to call attention to six common benefits associated with reinventing government organizations in order to enhance effectiveness and efficiency: (1) moving beyond bureaucratic system maintenance constraints; (2) better alignment of results-oriented goals with daily operations; (3) collaboration across organizational boundaries; (4) opportunities to use performance information to improve policies, practices, and programs; (5) results-oriented basis for individual accountability and staff performance evaluations; and (6) continuity of program goals during leadership transitions that are politically driven and a fact of life in government operations. This course will focus primarily on the analysis and application of results-driven management practices in local, state, and federal criminal justice organizations; however, the substantive course content is generalizable to the full spectrum of government organizations charged with delivering publicly valued services.

  • CRJ 5860. Use of Force Policy in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

    This course will address a continuing concern in criminal justice. Subject control events such as Waco, Rodney King, and Ruby Ridge have been the subject of controversy. The riot at Attica Prison resulted in civil suits that took thirty years to settle. Use of force is the underlying concern with racial profiling and police misconduct. Criminal Justice professionals need to know how to design proactive policies that are agency-specific.

  • CRJ 5870. Criminal Justice Policy (3 credits)

    This course focuses on the analysis of American and International criminal justice policies. Policy analysis is conducted through the lens of major sociological and criminological theories (e.g. deterrence theory, social disorganization theory, Marxist theory, routine activities theory, rationale choice theory, social learning theory, and others). The theoretical foundations of the theories presented will be related to policy initiatives of elected officials and senior policy makers. In addition to providing a theoretical analysis of criminal justice policy, this course will present empirical research findings on the efficacy of various policies and the theories which underpin them.

  • CRJ 5880. Police Effectiveness (3 credits)

    The course reviews the development and function of policing in contemporary American society and examines the traditional and alternative criteria by which the effectiveness of police strategies can be assessed by critically reviewing empirical studies of police effectiveness. The course will also examine the political and professional nature of policing in America.

  • CRJ 5890. Philosophy of Corrections (3 credits)

    This course reviews the history and philosophy of corrections from a comparative perspective; specific attention will be given to the history punishment and justice in America as well as other major industrialized nations of the world. Students will examine corrections from an evidence-based perspective and explore the relationship between empirical research and theory to correctional practices (e.g., the impact of prisons on crime, the effectiveness of community “control” programs, and the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions). Finally, students will learn about how correctional policy is shaped by prevailing social and political forces as much as by “data” and “crime rates.”

Special Topics in Criminal Justice

  • CRJS 4xxx. Special Topics in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

    This course title provides flexibility to introduce specialized courses which may be of substantial interest to students. Topics will vary from time to time according to student interest.

Computer Science

  • CSC 1000. Introduction to Computers (3 credits)

    This course covers basic office applications using a project-based, hands-on approach. The applications covered include each of the following: word processor, spreadsheet, database software, presentation software, and desktop publishing software.

  • CSC 1300. WWW Information (3 credits)

    Introduces students to the World Wide Web, focusing on the techniques of web page creation. No programming background is required, although students will learn some programming through scripting languages.

  • CSC 1750. Introduction to Algorithms (3 credits)

    Introduces a two-part survey of computing applications and algorithmic principles. This course introduces the range of algorithmic concepts and constructs in a particular programming language. The follow-on course, CSC 185, extends the conceptual foundation and expands the programming language context. Topics include data representation, simple I/O, arrays, subprograms, searching, sorting, and merging. Techniques of problem solving, stepwise refinement, and documentation are also covered. COREQ: CSC 1760 .

  • CSC 1760. Introduction to Programming (3 credits)

    This is an intense course in programming implementing concepts of structured programming and algorithmic analysis with emphasis on application. COREQ: CSC 1750 .

  • CSC 1850. Object-Oriented Programming (3 credits)

    Builds on the foundation provided by CSC 1750  to provide students with immersion in programming experience and associated techniques, with a focus on the object oriented paradigm. Topics include control flow, debugging and testing, string processing, searching and sorting, recursion, and stacks and linked lists. Emphasis on effective software engineering practices, including incremental development, systematic testing, and hypothesis driven debugging of software artifacts. PREREQ: MAT 1090  or MAT 1070  and C or better in CSC 1750  and CSC 1760 .

  • CSC 1900. JAVA Programming (3 credits)

    A first course in programming Java using concepts of structured programming and algorithmic analysis with emphasis on application. PREREQ: CSC 1750  and CSC 1760 .

  • CSC 2020. Microcomputer Programming (3 credits)

    A first course in microcomputer programming emphasizing both numeric and string processing, and structured programming. (Visual BASIC and Delphi) using IBM compatible computers. PREREQ: CSC 1000  or permission of instructor.

  • CSC 2050. Introduction to Programming-C/C++ (3 credits)

    A first course in programming covering the basic concepts of C and C++ programming languages. Covers structured programming, object-oriented programming, and algorithmic analysis with emphasis on application.

  • CSC 2150. Discrete Structures (3 credits)

    Offers an intensive introduction to discrete mathematics as it is used in computer science. Topics include functions, relations, sets, propositional and predicate logic, simple circuit logic, proof techniques, elementary combinatorics, and discrete probability. PREREQ: MAT 1070  or MAT 1090  or MAT 2210  and CSC 1750 , CSC 1760 .

  • CSC 2250. Fundamentals of Computer Systems (3 credits)

    Introduces the student to computer hardware and software interfaces. Topics include computer structure, machine language, assembly language, addressing modes, file structures, I/O, memory management, and assemblers, linkers, and loaders. PREREQ: CSC 2150  and CSC 1850 . [CSC 1850  is a Corequisite with a B or better in CSC 1750 .]

  • CSC 2260. Operating Systems, Networking, and Security (3 credits)

    The course covers the fundamentals of operating systems, the evolution of operating systems, mobile operating systems, security threats and vulnerabilities to computers and users, identifies methods for protecting against security threats, troubleshoot common security problems, the basic knowledge of networking and data communications and network programming with socket. PREREQ: C or better in CSC 1750 and CSC 1760.

  • CSC 2650. Digital Logic (3 credits)

    Covers basic concepts of computer engineering and science from digital logic circuits to the design of a complete microcomputer system, presenting an understanding of principles and basic tools required to design typical digital systems such as microcomputers. PREREQ: C or better in CSC 2150 .

  • CSC 2850. Data Structures (3 credits)

    Design of algorithms. Graphs, paths, and trees. Analysis of algorithms for internal and external sorting, searching, and merging. Hashing. Algorithms for dynamic storage allocation. PREREQ: CSC 2150  and C or better in CSC 1850 .

  • CSC 2920. Software Development and Professional Practices (3 credits)

    The course material combines a range of topics integral to the design, implementation, and testing of a medium scale software system with the practical experience of implementing such a project as a member of a programmer team. In addition to material on software engineering, this course also includes material on professionalism and ethical responsibilities in software development and human- computer interaction. PREREQ: CSC 1850 .

  • CSC 3350. Network Management (3 credits)

    Presents the five conceptual areas of network management as defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO): performance management, configuration management, accounting management, fault management, and security management. This course covers networking technologies such as Ethernet, bridges, and switches. It addresses network management architectures and protocols to lay the foundation for SNMP management, broadband management, and TNM. Some network management applications, tools to monitor network parameters, and network management systems to manage networks are included. PREREQ: CSC 1850 , CSC 2260 .

  • CSC 3380. Web Programming and Security (3 credits)

    In this course, students will gain experience with the programming techniques, technologies, and issues associated with the Internet. Topics include the HTTP protocol, web-servers, browsers, interactive web pages, and client-server computing. This course will also covers the topics related to security aspects of web (based on OWASP’s first 10); including, authentication and authorization, SQL injection, Cross-site scripting (XSS), Cross-site request forgery (CSRF), and Session hijacking, and defenses that have in common the idea of input validation, session management, HTTPS, etc. Provides an overview of techniques used in protecting web and assessing the security of web and identifying vulnerabilities. This is a project-oriented course in which students will be expected to develop secure web applications using a variety of programming languages. PREREQ: CSC 1850 or CSC 1900 and CSC 2260.

  • CSC 3650. Introduction to Computer Architecture (3 credits)

    Introduces students to the organization and architecture of computer systems, beginning with the standard von Neumann model and then moving forward to more recent architectural concepts. PREREQ: CSC 2650  and CSC 2250 .

  • CSC 3750. Programming Languages (3 credits)

    This is an introduction to the design and implementation of programming languages, including a survey of several major languages and their features. Material covered will emphasize implementation details. PREREQ: CSC 2250 .

  • CSC 3800. Database Management Systems and Security (3 credits)

    The course covers database security and database management systems including data independence, relationships, logical and physical organizations, schema, and subschema. Hierarchical, network, and relational models are covered with an emphasis on the relational model. Small SQL queries are created and examined. Database security includes protecting the database from unauthorized access, modification, or destruction. PREREQ: CSC 2850.

  • CSC 3910. Software Engineering (3 credits)

    Software Engineering is the study of the software process, in particular the analysis, design, implementation, testing, maintenance, and documentation of a software system. This course introduces the fundamental software engineering concepts and terminology, presents formal models of structured design and programming, and aims to give students both a theoretical and a practical foundation. The primary focus of the class will be on learning modern software methods and tools that can be applied on a project in CSC 4900 . Topics covered include information hiding, iterative enhancements, structured programming teams, program libraries, walkthroughs, and documentation. PREREQ: CSC 2920 .

  • CSC 3920. Software Process Improvement (3 credits)

    This course is an introduction to the CMMI framework, emphasizing understanding, evaluation, and integrated process improvement. Topics include software process assessment, the Capability Maturity Model for Software, other approaches to software process assessment. This course presents a survey on the use of SPI and software process assessment (SPA) as practiced by large and small companies. PREREQ: CSC 3910 .

  • CSC 3930. Component-Based Computing (3 credits)

    Analyzes the fundamental problems that must be solved by middleware in order to provide complete and transparent interoperability between distributed components. The course illustrates the state of the art with respect to how the fundamental problems are solved in practice and provides a hands-on experience developing distributed applications using the most important standards. PREREQ: CSC 3910 .

  • CSC 4010. Theory of Computation (3 credits)

    Introduces the student to formal language theory, finite automata, regular expressions, and regular grammars; pushdown automata; context free grammars; and context sensitive grammars. PREREQ: CSC 2250 , CSC 2850 .


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